Ranger Indoctrination Program
For those soldiers who would like to be part of the elite specially
trained unit called the Army Rangers, there is much to be considered.
Preparation to be a Ranger takes more than just sheer determination. In
addition to physical strength, resilience and grit, it demands mental
fortitude. Once a soldier has made it through the first phases of
training, which includes nine weeks of boot camp, several more weeks of
Advanced Individual Training and three weeks of Army Airborne School, he
is assigned to the 75th Ranger Regiment and is ready to begin the US
Army Ranger Indoctrination Program and eventually Army Ranger School.
The Army Indoctrination program, which is also known as Ranger Regiment,
begins immediately after graduating from Army Airborne School, and
consists of four weeks of rigorous physical and academic training.
Physical training includes among other things, the five mile run, road
marches, rope training and a water survival test. Additional training
includes map reading and navigation, Ranger history, airborne operation
and standards, and combat life saver certification. Ranger Regiment is
all about selecting soldiers who have what it takes to be Army Rangers.
Those soldiers who make it through Ranger Regiment are
then sent to either the 75th Ranger Regiment Headquarters or one of
three Ranger Battalions, and once they are proven ready, they move on to
Ranger School. Ranger School is mentally and physically draining and
prepares the soldier for battle by placing him in situations very
similar to true combat. A normal day in Ranger School is typically 20
hours of grueling training with an average of 3 1/2 hours sleep. During
different phases of the training soldiers often have to go for over 24
hours without sleeping. Not only are Ranger students sleep deprived,
they also are expected to subsist on two meals a day or less. These
perspective Rangers also conduct much of their training carrying 65-90
lbs of equipment on their backs. Ranger School is broken up into three
phases, which are called Benning Phase, Mountain Phase and Florida
Benning (Crawl Phase)
The Benning Phase, so named for its location at Camp Darby, Fort Benning,
Georgia is the most physical phase and lasts for 20 days. The first
week, known as Ranger Assessment Phase (RAP) is crucial in the selection
process. RAP week events include combat water survival, land navigation,
a six hour 15.5 mile march and the Ranger physical fitness test. The
Ranger Physical Fitness Test consists of a five mile run in 40 minutes
or less, at least 49 push-ups, 59 sit-ups and a minimum of 6 chin-ups.
In order to pass the test the soldier must score at least 70 points in
each event. Each soldier is tested in the 17 to 21 year old range no
matter what his actual age. Other activities in the Benning phase are
obstacle courses, ambush and combat training, reconnaissance patrols and
Mountain (Walk Phase)
The Mountain Phase, which takes place at Camp Merrill, in the Georgia
mountains, also lasts for a period of 20 days and teaches survival
techniques in the hostile conditions of the mountains. Dealing with
extreme sleep deprivation, hunger and emotional stress are a key part of
this phase of training.
Florida (Run Phase)
The Florida Phase is a 16 day phase which tests leadership skills. It
involves survival skills in swamps and jungle-like surroundings and
takes place at Camp Rudder, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. The soldier
learns small boat, ship-to-shore and stream-crossing operations.
Preparing for Ranger School
Over 50 percent of soldiers who make it as far as Ranger School do not
make it through to the end of the program and 60 percent of those
soldiers, wash out within the first week. This high rate is often
because of lack of physical preparation on the part of the soldiers.
There are many ways to prepare physically for the rigors of Ranger
School. First of all it is important to know exactly what will be
expected and train for it in advance. Daily push-ups, chin-ups and
sit-ups are highly recommended. Be able to do over and above what will
be required in Ranger School. Run five miles 3-4 times a week until the
two mile run can be accomplished in 13 minutes and the 5 mile run in 35
minutes. Swim 2-3 times a week while wearing a uniform. Walking fast,
while carrying a fifty pound rucksack is also highly recommended. Last
but not least, it is advisable to try to gain 5-10 lbs before beginning
training, as candidates always lose weight in Ranger School.
Ranger school has been called the "toughest combat course in the world",
but for those who are up to the challenge, and are ready to push
themselves beyond their limits, the reward of being a part of this
select group of warriors called the Army Rangers, is worth the
monumental effort. Army Ranger School Activities
Daily Physical Training
Ranger History test
Day and night land
Combat Water Survival
6, 8 and 10-mile road
Driver Training (DDC
Fast Rope Training
Ranger Preparation - Physical Training
Check out the
Army Special Forces Workout to help prepare for the rigors of Ranger
School and read more below for additional training tips and techniques.
Exercise Menu and Schedule - Prepared by MSG House of the Army Physical
The Ranger student will be challenged physically during the following 7
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Air Force Special
2) 5 Mile Run
3) 16 Mile Road March
4) Land Navigation
6) 3.2 Mile Buddy Run
7) Other: This area includes those daily events such as running or rucking
between training sites and the occasional motivational conditioning
APFT is administered to the standard as depicted in FM 21-20, to the
letter. The event consists of the push-up, sit-up, and two mile run.
Regardless of age the student will be tested in the 17 to 21 year old age
bracket, and you must score 70 points per event. This means 49 push-ups,
59 sit-ups, and 15:12 on the run, as a minimum, must be achieved.
The prospective Ranger student should be able to score 100 points per
event the APFT. You should conduct a “to standard APFT” being graded by
someone other then a member of the unit or your buddy, the key is to have
the grader give you an honest assessment that you can use as a starting
point. If you cannot score well on the test then the unit should stop you
at home station.
The following is an exercise menu that will assist the perspective Ranger
student to prepare for the course:
1) Timed sets of push-ups – Do timed sets of Regular, Wide arm and,
Diamond push-ups for 40-30-20 seconds each with no more then 30 seconds
rest between sets. Adhere strictly to proper form described in FM 21-20.
(3 sets minimum)
2) Bench press – Strength improvement. Perform 20 repetitions of 50% of
body weight working towards 20 reps at 65%. Do 3-4 sets per session.
3) Front Deltoid raises – 10-15 pounds 3-4 sets working towards temporary
muscle failure (TMF).
4) Tricep Extension – 10-15 pounds 3-4 sets working towards temporary
muscle failure (TMF).
5) Seated or bent over row - Strength improvement. Perform 20 repetitions
of 50% of body weight working towards 20 reps at 65%. Do 3-4 sets per
6) Swimmer or Prone Row – 3-4 sets at 20-30 reps each.
7) Roman chair – 3-4 sets 20 –30 reps per set, facing down, progressing to
8) Dips- 3-4 sets working towards muscle failure.
Need help? Check out our
Push Ups Improvement
1) Timed sets of sit-ups- Do timed sets of sit-ups for 60-40-30 seconds
each with no more then 30 seconds rest between sets. Adhere strictly to
proper form described in FM 21-20. (3 sets minimum)
2) Flutter kicks – 3 sets of 50 –100 reps.
3) Hanging leg raises* – 3 sets of 50 – 100 reps. Start with legs bent
work towards legs straight.
4) Incline sit-ups* 3-4 sets of 30 to 50 progressing to with weight as
5) Flat bench leg raises* – 3-4 sets of 20 to 30.
*Exercise should be done very slowly to ensure a contraction is maintained
throughout the repetition.
THE 2 MILE RUN
Intervals are the best way to improve on your 2 mile run time. See Fm
21-20 or the unit MFT for the proper method of conducting interval
training. Interval training should not be conducted more then one day per
THE 5 MILE RUN
In order for the prospective Ranger student to adequately prepare for this
event, a very through warm-up should occur prior to conducting the 5 mile
run to the standard of 8 minuets per mile plus or minus 15 seconds (39:45
to 40:15). This should include stretching, rotation drills and,
calisthenics session with sufficient intensity to produce TMF in a
moderately fit soldier.
1) Interval training – Should be conducted no more then once per week and
for a distance of at least 8 work laps at 400 yards each.
2) Fartlek run – Twice per week at 3-5 miles per run. Heart rate should
not drop lower then 70% training heart rate (THR) and no higher the 90%
3) Long slow run – 6-8 mile run with the pace never dropping slower then 8
THE 16 MILE ROAD MARCH
The 16-mile road march is conducted with all combat equipment that the
Ranger student will be issued plus weapon. The pace is no faster then
17min per mile and no slower then 24min per mile. Prepare for this event
by conducting a 4-mile road march with at least 40 pounds of equipment
plus water and rubber duck at least once a week. Each week add 2 miles to
the total until you arrive at 16 to 18 miles to standard. You can road
march more then once per week but remember that this event is long and
boring, don’t waste valuable training time on something as easy as road
Perform landnav training on a course that you create or one that is
already in place on your post. The course should be at least 10 kilometers
in length; you should be able to begin in the dark or at night and move
through to daylight. Your equipment will be LCE with rubber duck.
The pull-up event is done following the APFT and you must complete at
least 6 pull-ups to enter the course. The start position is mount the bar
and come to a motionless hang on the bar with palms facing towards body
arms extended overhead. On the command GO you will begin by pulling your
body up to a motionless pause with the chin over the top of the bar then
lower the body down to the start position. This is one repetition,
remember that you will not be allowed to swing or other wise use your legs
to assist your movement.
Begin your training by conducting an assessment of your current ability.
Following your assessment begin training for improvement by using one or
all of the following methods:
1) 3 sets of assessment total. Have a spotter available to assist you by
lifting on the legs as you attempt to execute the pull-ups.
2) Lat pull down. 3 sets at 50% body weight 8-12 reps per.
3) 3-4 sets on the gravitron.
If you can swim, good you should practice swimming at least 20 meters with
LCE and weapon while in BDU’s. You should also practice walking off the 3
meter board with LCE and weapon while wearing BDU’s. You will have to
enter the water surface with dropping your weapon. The final swim event is
the equipment removal station. You should practice entering the water from
the side of a pool. You will wear the same uniform as stated above. You
will remove your LCE and release your weapon while remaining submerged.
Once the equipment is removed you will surface and swim to the side of the
NOTE: All swim events must be accomplished without showing fear.
If you can’t, learn how!
Want to challenge yourself? Check out
Special Forces Workout to prepare you for Ranger School.
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Under Armour Tactical
Ranger School - No
A great compilation of U.S. Army Ranger School vignettes designed to
demonstrate how one can achieve the mental toughness to succeed...no
matter what the adversity. Though exceptionally diverse in background and
experience, the Ranger students chronicled in this book reveal that they
all had one thing in common...tenacity, perseverance and a desire to be
one of the best. RANGER SCHOOL, NO EXCUSE LEADERSHIP is an excellent
addition to any leadership or business manager development program and
should become as worn, tabbed and dog eared as any well read '-10'
equipment maintenance manual. Rangers Lead The Way!
Operations in Iraq
This sensational book reveals the true and compelling story of the
Special Force units of the Coalition, such as the SAS, SBS and Delta
Force who worked in the shadows, often unseen, unheard and unsung. It
describes their missions behind the lines from the early days, well
before hostilities opened formally. It was an open secret that groups
were deployed probably operating in the western desert against Saddam's
forces and the Scud missile threat. What was actually going on is
revealed here and until now their roles and actions have not been
described in any detail.
These are thrilling tales of incredible daring and endurance told by men
whose courage and military skills are inspiring. The book also covers
operations such as the spectacular rescue of POW Private Lynch and the
secret operations to target Saddam and other leaders of his regime of
Warriors in Iraq
Join Big Hungry, Kentucky Rife, Serpico and Jedi Knight for a harrowing
journey into the heart of the Iraqi insurgency. A former Marine
infantryman, Tucker follows the warriors of the 101st Airborne Division
in Mosul and the 82nd Airborne and 10th Mountain Divisions in Fallujah
during 19 weeks of urban warfare in late 2003 and early 2004. In
declaratives one might describe as debased Hemingway on speed, Tucker
tags along for counter-IED (improvised explosive devices) patrols and
zero-dark-30 (predawn) raids, capturing the adrenaline-laced urgency of
urban combat against a hidden enemy. His conversations with troopers are
refreshingly authentic; his analysis of the politics of Iraq tends
toward open advocacy for the Kurds and a separate state of Kurdistan.
(Tucker is the author of Hell Is Over: Voices of the Kurds After
Saddam.) But his gritty firsthand account is packed with detail: from
the slow ballet of "scoping roof tops and alley corners," the
excruciating tension of disarming IEDs and the frenetic choreography of
urban combat to the children who are never far away and are always quick
with a smile, a wave and an enthusiastic "Amerikee!" Several impressive
accounts of the second Iraq War have appeared already from embedded
journalists, but few are as personal and edgy as Tucker's.
Four US Navy SEALS departed one clear night in early July, 2005 for the
mountainous Afghanistan-Pakistan border for a reconnaissance mission.
Their task was to document the activity of an al Qaeda leader rumored to
have a small army in a Taliban stronghold. Five days later, only one of
those Navy SEALS made it out alive.
This is the story of the only survivor of Operation Redwing, US Navy
SEAL Petty Officer Marcus Luttrell, and the extraordinary firefight that
led to the largest loss of life in American Navy SEAL history. Lt.
Michael P. Murphy led the team of PO2 Luttrell, PO2 Dietz and PO2 Axelso.
fought valiantly beside his teammates until he was the only one left alive,
blasted by an RPG into a place where his pursuers could not find him.
Over the next four days, terribly injured and presumed dead, Luttrell
crawled for miles through the mountains and was taken in by sympathetic
villagers who risked their lives to keep him safe from surrounding
The wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have given the U.S. Army's Special
Forces, also known as the Green Berets, a central role in American
military action like never before. Several hundred U.S. Special Forces
operators helped a motley band of Afghan rebels orchestrate a stunning
rout when they overthrew the Taliban after 9/11. In Iraq, as journalist
Linda Robinson explains in Masters of Chaos: The Secret History of the
Special Forces, Special Forces units were the main U.S. elements on the
ground in the northern and western regions of the country, where they
defeated government forces that outnumbered them many times over.
Robinson tells the story of the Special Forces through the eyes of a few
of its more colorful personalities, men with call signs like Rawhide and
Killer. She follows them around the world from Panama and El Salvador to
Somalia, Kosovo, and, finally, Afghanistan and Iraq. Surprisingly,
however, she devotes only a few pages to the Green Beret-led victory in
Afghanistan, even though it was arguably their greatest achievement
since they were created after World War II.